Grace Bible Church
Basic Training in Doctrine
April 8, 2008

Canonicity Definition, Origin, and the OT.

Canonicity is derived from the Greek word “kanon” which originally meant a rod or a ruler – hence a measuring stick or a norm.

The canon of Scripture is the divine absolute standard of God’s revelation to mankind.

Argument: We don’t have any of the originals and the originals have been copied over and over so there are bound to be mistakes. Answer: True

Argument: The Bible was written by men and not God.
Answer: True.

But over 40 different writers who wrote over a period of 1,500 years are in exact agreement about types, antitypes, prophecies, fulfillment of prophecies, timelines, stories, and history, and all without a single glitch.

God the Holy Spirit so directed the writers of Scripture that without changing their personality, their vocabulary, their frame of reference, God’s complete message to mankind was recorded in their own language and vernacular.

This is the doctrine of inspiration. The Bible is not human viewpoint, but it is the Holy Spirit’s use of human agencies to record God’s complete revelation to mankind through mankind.

The Origin of the Scriptures:

The Bible was inspired by God and it is now complete.

REV 22:18
I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book : if anyone adds to them, God shall add to him the plagues which are written in this book;

1 Cor 2:10
For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God

1 Cor 2:16
For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ.

When we turn to the decree of Artaxerxes, made in his twentieth year, NEH 2:1-8, for the first time is permission granted to rebuild the city of Jerusalem. This prophecy fulfills the conditions of DAN 9:25

Therefore, 69 weeks of prophetic years of 360 days (69 x 7 x 360 = 173,880 days) = 173,880 days.

After this many days, from March 14th B.C. 445, one would arrive at the 6th of April, A.D. 32.

Luke 19:42
“If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace-but now it is hidden from your eyes. (NIV)

The Old Testament

For instance the original Greek of John 1:1 is as follows:

Now look at an OT verse in the Hebrew:
à  áÌÀøÅàùÑÄéú, áÌÈøÈà àÁìÉäÄéí, àÅú äÇùÌÑÈîÇéÄí, åÀàÅú äÈàÈøÆõ.

In 280 B.C. 72 Alexandrian scholars got together and produced an amazingly accurate translation. This was called the Septuagint or “the Seventy” in honor of the translators.

The Bible was originally written in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek, although only a handful of chapters were written in Aramaic

Unlike the NT, the OT scriptures were kept among one people, the Jews, for centuries. Outside of the Septuagint it remained in Hebrew, was kept among people who spoke the same language, and the Jews were well trained copyists and preservers of the OT

Originally the OT was divided into 3 parts: The Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings

The Torah or the Pentateuch consists of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy

The second group, the Nabhim or Prophets which are split into two categories; the Former Prophets (before the Babylonian captivity) and the Latter prophets (after the Babylonian captivity). There are four books in each category.

The three Major Prophets are Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel

The Minor Prophets, which we divide into 12 separate books, are all one in the Hebrew Bible, called the Twelve. Apart from Daniel “The Twelve” includes everything from Hosea to Malachi

The third section of the Hebrew OT is called the Kethubim or “The Writings.” This was divided into 3 sections, The Poetical Books, The Five Rolls (also called the Megilloth), and The Historical Books.

Lastly there are the three Historical Books at the end of the Hebrew Canon: Daniel, Ezra and Nehemiah (one book), and Chronicles.

Therefore, the Hebrew OT contains 24 books compared to our 39

This endorsement of Scripture takes us from GEN 4:10 (the first book) to 2CH 24:20-21 (the last book in the OT Canon)

The Apocrypha are books written after the close of the OT Canon in 425 B.C. The word Apocrypha means hidden or secret. Their addition was an attempt by the devil to infiltrate God’s Truth.

The Apocrypha teaches: Prayers and offerings for the dead (2 Macc 12:41-46). Suicide is justified (2 Macc 14:41-46). Salvation by giving money (Tobit 4:11). Cruelty to slaves (Ecclesiasticus 33:25-29). The soul is produced by parents (Wisdom 8:19-20).


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