Robert McLaughlin Bible Ministries

The Doctrine of Mercy, Part 1.

Friday, May 8, 2009

ROM 9:18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.

The Doctrine of Mercy.
Point 1. Definition.
Love is that in God which existed before He would care to exercise mercy or grace.

Mercy, on the other hand, is that in God which provided for sinful man.

Grace is that in God which acts freely to save and bless mankind because all the demands of holiness have been satisfied in Christ.

The difference between grace and mercy is that mercy is that within God which provides for man while grace is the expression of that provision.

The doctrine of mercy was taught in the Old Testament when Jesus Christ, as the God of Israel was actually going to dwell above the mercy seat between the cherubs in the holy of holies.
This is taught in passages like Exo 25, Lev 9, Num 16.

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On this day the nation of Israel sought atonement for its sins, LEV 23:27; 16:29; NUM 29:7.

The high priest who officiated on this day first sanctified himself by taking a ceremonial bath and putting on white garments, LEV 16:4.

Then he had to make atonement for himself and other priests by sacrificing a bull, NUM 29:8.

Then he sprinkled its blood on and about the mercy seat, LEV 16:12,14,15.

Finally the scapegoat bearing the sins of the people was sent into the wilderness, LEV 16:20-22.

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The ark was a wooden box 45" by 27" by 27" made of acacia wood overlaid with gold.

(a) The urn of manna represented sin as rejection of God’s logistical grace provision.
(b) Aaron’s rod that budded speaks of sin in the sense of rebellion against the authority of God and rejection of God’s system for communication of doctrine.
(c) The tablets of the Law spoke of sin as transgression of divine law, since the law defined freedom in the client nation.

Point 2. Man Can Now Approach God on the Basis of God’s Mercy for Man.

DAN 9:9 To God belongs mercy and forgiveness.

HEB 8:12 "For I will be merciful to their iniquities, And I will remember their sins no more."

Mercy is actually related to our sins and failures, whereas grace is related to the provisions of God.

PSA 86:15 But Thou, O Lord, art a God merciful and gracious, Slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness and truth.

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