The Mosaic Law. The real purpose of the Mosaic Law.


August 2, 2017

Grace Bible Church
Pastor-Teacher
Robert R. McLaughlin
Wednesday,
August 2, 2017

We have now come to that point in our study of Dispensations with the most important subject of the Old Testament dispensations which is the given of the Mosaic Law.

 

One of the main reasons why our Lord had to intervene with the overruling will of God by giving the 10 commandments was to get the human race back on track and not continue on the road to self-destruction.

 

I have chosen to begin the subject of the Mosaic Law by giving you an outline of what we mean by the Law because unlike the Roman Catholics and the Seventh Day Advents, there is far to the spiritual like then following do’s and don’ts.

 

Most Christians are shocked when they realize that following the Ten Commandments are not a part of living the spiritual life.

 

Our Lord Jesus Christ fulfilled those commands in place of us or “for us” or on “our behalf.”
EXO 14:13  But Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! Stand by and see the salvation of the Lord which He will accomplish for you today; for the Egyptians whom you have seen today, you will never see them again forever. 

PSA 57:2  I will cry to God Most High, To God who accomplishes all things for me.

 PSA 138:8  The Lord will accomplish what concerns me; Thy lovingkindness, O Lord, is everlasting; Do not forsake the works of Thy hands.

 

ISA 46:10  Declaring the end from the beginning And from ancient times things which have not been done, Saying, ‘My purpose will be established, And I will accomplish all My good pleasure’;

 

The Mosaic Law is divided into three general categories —- Theologically they are called; Codex #1; Codex #2; Codex #3.

 

Codex one is the Ten commandments, or the Decalogue.
This is known as the freedom code.

 

There can be no freedom without morality which can be fulfilled by both believers and unbelievers.

 

The Ten Commandments define human freedom in terms of morality, privacy, property, and authority……it does not define how to live spiritually.

 

One of Satan’s greatest victories has been to blind people from the doctrine of Dispensations and deceive them into thinking that if they follow the Ten Commandments they will be pleasing to God.

 

ROM 8:8 and those who are in the flesh cannot please God.

 

Now, the ten commandments also define human freedom in terms of the divine institutions and relationship to God, authority, and sin.

 

While some sins are mentioned in the Ten commandments, its purpose is not to define sin.

 

The sins mentioned are intrusions upon privacy, property, and freedom.

 

GAL 3:24 Therefore the Law has become our tutor [school bus] to lead us to Christ, that we may be justified by faith.

 

ROM 7:7   What shall we say then? Is the Law sin? May it never be! On the contrary, I would not have come to know sin except through the Law; for I would not have known about coveting if the Law had not said, “You shall not covet.”

 

Answer: First of all the Mosaic law was not given to us as gentiles or it was also not given to the Church.

 

  1. The Mosaic Law was given specifically to the nation of Israel (Exo 19; Lev 26:46; Romans 9:4).

LEV 26:46   These are the statutes and ordinances and laws which the Lord established between Himself and the sons of Israel through Moses at Mount Sinai.

The Mosaic Law was also given to reveal the holy character of the eternal God to the nation of Israel; Lev 19:2; 20:7–8)The Mosaic Law was also to set apart the nation of Israel as distinct from all the other nations (Exo 19:5).

EXO 19:6  and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. ‘These are the words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel.”

Reveal the sinfulness of man (cf. Gal 3:19). Although the Law was good and holy (Romans 7:12), it did not provide salvation for the nation of Israel.

 

“No one will be declared righteous in God’s sight by the works of the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of our sin” (Rom 3:20; cf. Acts 13:38–39).

Provide forgiveness through the sacrifice offerings but ultimately the main sacrifice, our Lord Jesus Christ; (Lev 1-7), for the people who had faith in the Lord in the Lord and in the nation of Israel.Provide a way of worship for the community of faith through the yearly feasts (Lev 23)

Provide God’s direction for the physical and spiritual health of the nation (Exo 21-23; Deu 6:4–19; Psa 119:97–104).

Cause people, after Christ came, to see that they couldn’t keep the Law but needed to accept Christ as personal Savior, for He had fulfilled the Law in His life and paid the penalty for our breaking it in His death, burial, and bodily resurrection (Gal 3:24; Rom 10:4).  

The believer in Christ has the very righteousness of the Law fulfilled in him as he obeys the Holy Spirit who lives within him (Rom 8:4).“Are you trusting in yourself to keep all the Ten Commandments all the time (which you can’t do)?”

“Have you made the choice to accept Jesus as your Savior, realizing that He has fulfilled all the commandments all the time for you, even paying your penalty for breaking them?”

The point is that there are a lot of benefits and blessings that those who follow the Law or the Ten Commandments can attain ….. except for two very vital important doctrinal principles; salvation or spirituality.

Therefore, human freedom has something which is the guardian of freedom:  authority.

Codex Two is known as the ordinances, Exo 25:1‑31:18, or the spiritual code = emphasizes the fact that believers are designed to function under both the laws of divine establishment as well as bible doctrine in the soul.  

As the marriage counselor, in Rom 7, Codex Two points out the solution to the first marriage to the old sin nature as salvation.

The ordinances are the spiritual heritage of Israel. – They are the theological code designed to present Jesus Christ as the only Savior.

The structure of the tabernacle (Exo 25‑27), 

The delineation of the holy days (Lev 23:10ff),
The way of life for Levitical priesthood (Exo 28‑29),
and the significance of the Levitical offerings (Lev 1‑3).

 

The third part of the Mosaic Law is known as Codex #3 which deals with the judgments in a courtroom, the establishment code, or the national heritage of Israel.

 

Codex number 3 included every principle related to the function of a client nation to God which includes an elaboration of freedom and authority, privacy, rights, property, privileges, marriage, military policy, taxation, diet, health, sanitation, quarantine, criminal law, trial, punishment, and laws of evidence, Exo 21:1‑23:9.

 

It’s interesting that this code included the function of free enterprise and profit motivation, but rejected all forms of socialism and the welfare state.
Morality mandated by the Mosaic law was for both believers and unbelievers; it was not the means of spirituality.

Morality is not spirituality.  

Spirituality is infinitely greater than morality.

 

Spiritual, moral and social life are in a state of disintegration.

 

They are closely related to a subject with which many people are familiar but about which they know very little about— the Ten Commandments, or the Decalogue (Exo 20:1-20).

 

Young people find themselves in a position where they are required to memorize the Ten Commandments.

 

There are those in this country who have never been near a Sunday School, do not attend a church, and may not even have a Bible, but are knowledgeable regarding the Ten commandments or the Decalogue.

1) EXO 20:3   “You shall have no other gods before Me. 

2)  EXO 20:4   “You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth.
3)  EXO 20:7   “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

4) EXO 20:8   “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
5)   EXO 20:12   “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the Lord your God gives you.
6) EXO 20:13   “You shall not murder. 

7) EXO 20:14   “You shall not commit adultery.
8)  EXO 20:15   “You shall not steal.
9)  EXO 20:16   “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10)  EXO 20:17   “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”