Part 4
GBC Basics Class

4. At the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “ELOI, ELOI, LAMA SABACHTHANI?” which is translated, “MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?”

Mark 15:34

The Greek verb ebosen means a cry in the sense of crying out for help.












Was there ever any greater love than this, that the Prince of life and glory should condescend to this shame and death?








And my tongue cleaves to my jaws;
And You lay me in the dust of death.


They also gave me gall for my food
And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.





6. “It is finished”.
JOH 19:30



John 6:28-29


Therefore they said to Him, “What shall we do, so that we may work the works of God?” Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent.”

-William Wallace

Ps 22:31
They will come and will declare His righteousness
To a people who will be born, that He has performed it.


And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, ‘Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit.’ And having said this, He breathed His last.”
LUK 23:46


“Every man dies, but not every man really lives.”


HEB 2:9, and broke the power of death,
HEB 2:14-15.


PSA 31:5, “Into Thy hand I commit my spirit; Thou hast ransomed me, O Lord, God of truth.”


1. Forgiveness for His enemies, LUK 23:34, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”


2. Salvation, LUK 23:43, “Today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”

3. Compassion, JOH 19:26-27, “Behold, your son!, Behold, your mother!”

4. Anguish, MAT 27:46,
“My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?”

5. Suffering, JOH 19:28,
“I am thirsty.”

6. Victory, JOH 19:30,
“It is finished!”

7. Contentment, LUK 23:46, “Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit.”

The Meaning of our Lord’s Words on the Cross

Note also that there is a change in His words, from “My God, My God” in MAT 27:46 to “Father” in LUK 23:46.

No Old Testament sacrificial animal ever died willingly, but the Lord Jesus Christ willingly laid down His life for us.

He died confidently because He was in the Father’s hands,
PSA 31:8,15.

He lived by God’s Word, and when you have lived by God’s Word, you can die by God’s Word.

Our Lord confronted death, which was the last enemy, in all its sorrow, trial, pain, and finality, and that’s why He was ready to say in LUK 23:46 “Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit.”

The Lord Jesus Christ tasted death for us all,

He has done the work for salvation on our behalf, so we don’t have to fear our failures, or die in our sins.

The Lord had refused the first drink He was offered in MAT 27:34, “And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull, they gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink.”

He had before Him, with perfect accuracy, the complete truth of the Word of God, and He overlooked nothing, proving that He was superior to all circumstances!

In dying, as in living, the Lord Jesus was in total submission to the authoritative Word of the living God.

Ps 69:21

Ps 22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd,

This is made abundantly clear in JOH 19:28, “After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, ‘I am thirsty.'”

5. “After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, ‘I am thirsty.'” JOH 19:28

This statement “I thirst,” immediately followed three hours of darkness, during which God the Father had withdrawn from the Lord Jesus Christ.

When Jesus Christ was on the cross during those three hours of darkness, He was carrying on an eternal transaction with His Father alone. He was finishing the work that He came to do, John 17:4.

Thirdly, this darkness surrounding the cross was a darkness of secrecy.

On the cross, He entered into outer darkness for us, to save us from that darkness.

This darkness at the cross was also the darkness of gloom. The just was dying for the unjust, the innocent Lamb of God was dying for guilty sinners.

First of all, this was the darkness of sympathy. The Creator, in His humanity, was dying on the cross, and all of creation was suffering with Him.

From noon until 3:00 in the afternoon, darkness was over all the land.

During His time on the cross, He could only be judged; and during His judgment His prayer could not be answered.

Which makes you wonder the most, the cruelty of man or the love of the Savior?

The Hebrew word tola refers to the worm that was crushed to make red dye for the robes of kings and aristocrats.

The 22nd Psalm has been rightfully called the Crucifixion Psalm, and it begins with the phrase, “My God, my God, why hast Thou forsaken me?” and ends with the phrase, “It is finished,” or “He has performed it.”

God the Father was imputing our sins to His Son and judging them from His Holiness, therefore, He could not answer His Son’s plea.

John 3:36

“He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”

3. “Woman, behold, your son!”… disciple, “Behold, your mother!” LUK 19:26

Note here that Jesus specifically uses the word “woman” (Greek – gunai) and not “mother” when addressing Mary.

Here, Jesus uses the Greek word meter for “mother“.

EXO 20:12a

Honor your father and your mother

Mark 10:45

“For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”


No matter what, we all can serve daily through prayer…no excuses!

JOH 11:25b

“I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even if he dies”

JOH 8:12b

“I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”

1. “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” LUK 23:34a

Matt. 27:44

The robbers who had been crucified with Him were also insulting Him with the same words.

2. And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.” LUK 23:43

The Passion of Christ –


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