Grace Bible Church
Pastor Teacher
Robert R. McLaughlin
Friday April 10, 2015

We have begun to look at what I like to call as The Purpose of the Seventy Sevens or 490 years in DAN 9:24.

Three of them have negative connotations, three of them have  positive connotations.

1. First, in DAN 9:24, to make an end of sin which means to bring one major sin to its completion, that is the sin of unbelief.
The end of sin mentioned in DAN 9:24 means sins ultimate sin which is the rejection of TLJC as taught in JOH 1:11 when He came to His own, those who were His own did not receive Him.

What He did do is to reveal the epitome of sin or the ultimate manifestation of sin, which was not murder, or the SOT, or all of the different MAS, the real problem of sin which is rejection of Him as the Messiah.

JAM 1:15 Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.
His appearance to the Jews and His rejection by the Jews revealed the ultimate sin or the worse sin of all, the sin of unbelief!!
2. DAN 9:24   "to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin," refers to the payment for sin as was taught to the Jews in the OT in passages like (ISA 27:9; EZE 36:25-27; JER 31:31-34).

Message Bible - ISA 27:6 That the days are coming when Jacob shall put down roots, Israel will blossom and grow fresh branches, and fill the world with its fruit.

ISA 27:7  Has GOD knocked them to the ground as he knocked down those who hit them? Oh, no. Were they killed as their killers were killed? Again, No.

Meaning that what looks like defeat for Israel or for the Jews will really not be defeat at all!
Illustration = The Cross - Certain times in your life = GEN 50:20; DEU 23:5; ROM 8:28; 2CO 4:17  For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison,

ISA 27:8-9, He was hard on them all right. The exile was a harsh sentence. He blew them away on a fierce blast of wind. But the good news is that through this experience Jacob's guilt was taken away. The evidence that his sin is removed will be this: He will tear down the alien altars, take them apart stone by stone, And then crush the stones into gravel and clean out all the sex‑and‑religion shrines.

2. The second point in the phrase in DAN 9:24 "to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin," refers to the payment for sin as was taught to the Jews in the Old Testament in passages like (ISA 27:9; EZE 36:25-27; JER 31:31-34).
This refers to the mind of God for in eternity future we will all who are saved lived with HAB 1:13, "A God that cannot even look upon iniquity."

Our Lord and Savior fulfilled two basic doctrines, expiation and propitiation.  Expiation refers to the entire finished work of our Lord Jesus Christ on the Cross = defined as the Blood of Christ throughout the New Testament.

While our Lord lost much of His blood on the cross, He did not bleed to death, nor does His literal human blood have anything to do with the phrase found throughout the New Testament, "the blood of Christ."

"Claim the Blood;" "Plead the blood"; "Get under the blood;" "There's power in the blood"
It was our Lord who gave His blood power and kept the blood from being infected by an OSN, it was the blood that gave our Lord the power.

ISA 53:10, But the Lord [God the Father] was pleased To crush Him, putting Him to grief; If He would render His soul as a guilt offering,

The Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, edited by Gerhardt Kittel, Volume I, page 175, states, "The ideas which the NT links with the blood of Christ is simply a pregnant verbal symbol of the saving work of Christ on the Cross."

Blood of Christ = the physical death experienced by our Lord Jesus Christ on the cross known as His somatic death and what happened to His literal blood.

Blood of Christ =  His spiritual death and His work upon the cross where, not only did He die for sins spiritually but also He rejected any form of Human good that mankind could produce which is also called transgressions at times.

DAN 9:24   "Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression,

To finish the transgression not only deals with sin but also the human good that individuals perform with their OSN and not the nature of God, which nature was upon the O.T. saints but within the N.T . saints.

A second part of the prophecy in DAN 9:24 that our Lord would fulfill would be to reveal the rejection of human good or good deeds performed without help from the nature of God.

1. The first part of the prophecy deals with the sin of unbelief. 2. The second part of the prophecy deals with our Lord dealing with all of the transgressions of the human race including the production of human good which is also called transgressions or evil.

The principle behind this is found in one of the definitions of the word for transgression which literally means "to be out of bounds."

In the Hebrew - pesha' - the act of transgressing, or of passing over or beyond any law, civil or moral; the violation of a law or known principle, a breach of command.

In the Greek we have the noun parabasis meaning to pass over or beyond; to reject the rules that are prescribed, to break or violate, as a law, whether spiritual, civil or moral.

2JO 1:8-9, Watch yourselves, that you might not lose what we have accomplished, but that you may receive a full reward. Anyone who goes too far [or is out of bounds] and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God; the one who abides in the teaching, he has both the Father and the Son.

We could also relate it to the definition of evil in the sense that we say all sin is evil but all evil is not necessarily sin.

All sins are  transgressions but all transgression are not necessarily sins.

Both the believer and the unbeliever will stand before God and both will have their works or their good deeds evaluated, 2CO 5:10; REV 20:12-13.

The believer will stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ while the unbeliever will stand before the Great White Throne Judgment where all their deeds will be evaluated not their sins.

All sins were judged except for one which must be recognized and confessed by the individual which is the sin of unbelief accompanied by faith in who TLJC is, and faith in what TLJC has done for them.

Question: "What is the difference between iniquity, sin, and transgression?"

Answer: "Transgression means to be out of bounds."

All sins are transgressions but all transgression are not necessarily sins.

PSA 32:5, David said  I acknowledged my sin to Thee, And my iniquity I did not hide; I said, "I will confess my transgressions to the Lord"; And Thou didst forgive the guilt of my sin. Selah.

1JO 3:4, Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness.

The word sin and its cognates are used 786 times in the New International Version of the Bible. Sin means “to miss the mark.”
It can refer to doing something against God or against a person (EXO 10:16), doing the opposite of what is right (GAL 5:17), doing something that will have negative results (PRO 24:33-34), and failing to do something you know is right (JAM 4:17).

GAL 5:17, For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please.

PRO 14:12, There is a way which seems right to a man, But its end is the way of death.

ISA 64:6, For all of us have become like one who is unclean, And all our righteous deeds are like a filthy garment; And all of us wither like a leaf, And our iniquities, like the wind, take us away.

In the Old Testament, God even instituted sacrifices for unintentional sins (NUM 15:27). Sin is the general term for anything that “falls short of the glory of God.” (ROM 3:23).

EXO 20:3, "You shall have no other gods before Me."

Sin leads to a downward progression that, without the restoring power of the Holy Spirit, we all tend toward.

The sin nature is present in every human being born since the Fall of Adam (GEN 3:6-7; ROM 5:12).
If left unchecked, continual sin leads to a “reprobate mind,” spoken of in ROM 1:24.

A trespasser is someone who crosses a line or climbs a fence that he should not cross or climb.

A trespass may be intentional or unintentional.

Trespass can also mean “to fall away after being close beside.”

Peter trespassed when he denied Jesus (Luke 22:34, 56-62). We all “cross the line” in thought, word, or attitude many times a day and should be quick to forgive others who do the same (MAT 6:15).

Transgression also refers to presumptuous sin. It means “to choose to intentionally disobey; willful trespassing.”

Samson intentionally broke his Nazirite vow by touching a dead lion (NUM 6:1-5; Judg 14:8-9) and allowing his hair to be cut (Judg 16:17); in doing so he was committing a transgression.

David was referring to this kind of sin when he wrote, “Blessed is the one whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered” (PSA 32:1).

Iniquity means “premeditated choice, continuing without repentance.” David’s sin with Bathsheba that led to the killing of her husband,
Uriah, was iniquity (2SA 11:3-4; 2SA 12:9).
MIC 2:1  “Woe to those who plan iniquity, to those who plot evil on their beds! At morning’s light they carry it out because it is in their power to do it.”

In David’s psalm of repentance, he cries out to God, saying, “Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin” (PSA 51:2).
God forgives iniquity, as He does any type of sin when we repent (JER 33:8; HEB 8:12).

Iniquity left unchecked leads to a state of willful sin with no fear of God.

The build-up of unrepentant sin is sometimes pictured as a “cup of iniquity” being filled to the brim (REV 17:4; GEN 15:16).
Continued iniquity leads to unnatural affections, which leads to a reprobate mind. ROM 1:28-32 outlines this digression in vivid detail.

Regardless of how depraved a human heart may become, our Lord’ death on the cross was sufficient to cover all sin (JOH 1:29; ROM 5:18).

The only sin that God cannot forgive is the final rejection of the Holy Spirit’s drawing to repentance—the ultimate fruit of a reprobate mind (MAT 12:32; LUK 12:10).

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