Grace Bible Church
Robert R. McLaughlin
Exo 14:8-11, And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he chased after the sons of Israel as the sons of Israel were going out boldly. Then the Egyptians chased after them with all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and they overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi�hahiroth, in front of Baal�zephon. And as Pharaoh drew near, the sons of Israel looked, and behold, the Egyptians were marching after them, and they became very frightened; so the sons of Israel cried out to the Lord. Then they said to Moses, “Is it because there were no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you dealt with us in this way, bringing us out of Egypt?
The people of Israel could not lift the shield of faith and operate under the faith rest life and therefore they are blaming Moses for taking them out of Egypt into the desert.
Remember, the Exodus was the work of God not the work of Moses.
In fact, do you remember what Moses said when the Lord called him out from the burning bush?
Exo 3:1-4:18, Now Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father�in�law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness, and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. And the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed. So Moses said,
“I must turn aside now, and see this marvelous sight, why the bush is not burned up.” When the Lord saw that he turned aside to look, God called to him from the midst of the bush, and said, “Moses, Moses!” And he said, “Here I am.” Then He said, “Do not come near here; remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground.” He said also, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God. And the Lord said, “I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have given heed to their cry because of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings. “So I have come down to deliver them from the power of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite.
And now, behold, the cry of the sons of Israel has come to Me; furthermore, I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them. Therefore, come now, and I will send you to Pharaoh, so that you may bring My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt.” But Moses said to God, “Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?”
And He said, “Certainly I will be with you, and this shall be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall worship God at this mountain.”
Then Moses said to God, “Behold, I am going to the sons of Israel, and I shall say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you.’ Now they may say to me, ‘What is His name?’ What shall I say to them?” And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM”; and
He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.'” And God, furthermore, said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is My name forever, and this is My memorial�name to all generations. Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has appeared to me, saying,” I am indeed concerned about you and what has been done to you in Egypt. So I said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.” ‘
And they will pay heed to what you say; and you with the elders of Israel will come to the king of Egypt, and you will say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. So now, please, let us go a three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.’ “But I know that the king of Egypt will not permit you to go, except under compulsion.
So I will stretch out My hand, and strike Egypt with all My miracles which I shall do in the midst of it; and after that he will let you go. And I will grant this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians; and it shall be that when you go, you will not go empty�handed. (Notice that Moses wasn’t the one who asked God to lead His people, the Jews, no, God asked Moses to do it).
Then Moses answered and said, “What if they will not believe me, or listen to what I say? For they may say, ‘The Lord has not appeared to you.’ ” And the Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” And he said, “A staff.” Then He said, “Throw it on the ground.” So he threw it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from it.
But the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand and grasp it by its tail”�� so he stretched out his hand and caught it, and it became a staff in his hand � that they may believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.” And the Lord furthermore said to him, “Now put your hand into your bosom.”
So he put his hand into his bosom, and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous like snow. Then He said, “Put your hand into your bosom again.” So he put his hand into his bosom again; and when he took it out of his bosom, behold, it was restored like the rest of his flesh. And it shall come about that if they will not believe you or heed the witness of the first sign, they may believe the witness of the last sign.
But it shall be that if they will not believe even these two signs or heed what you say, then you shall take some water from the Nile and pour it on the dry ground; and the water which you take from the Nile will become blood on the dry ground.” Then Moses said to the Lord, “Please, Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither recently nor in time past, nor since Thou hast spoken to Thy servant; for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.”
And the Lord said to him, “Who has made man’s mouth? Or who makes him dumb or deaf, or seeing or blind? Is it not I, the Lord? Now then go, and I, even I, will be with your mouth, and teach you what you are to say.” But he said, “Please, Lord, now send the message by whomever
Thou wilt.” Then the anger of the Lord burned against Moses, and He said, “Is there not your brother Aaron the Levite? I know that he speaks fluently. And moreover, behold, he is coming out to meet you; when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart. And you are to speak to him and put the words in his mouth; and I, even I, will be with your mouth and his mouth, and I will teach you what you are to do. Moreover, he shall speak for you to the people; and it shall come about that he shall be as a mouth for you, and you shall be as God to him. “And you shall take in your hand this staff, with which you shall perform the signs.” Then Moses departed and returned to Jethro his father�in�law, and said to him, “Please, let me go, that I may return to my brethren who are in Egypt, and see if they are still alive.” And Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.”
They are free physically, but in their thinking they are still slaves. And so while God is blessing the Jews with freedom, the Jews are freaking out and cursing Moses in their fear and their panic and their arrogance. And the principle is that there are times when blessings from God come in the form of the disguise of disaster to the believer.
They did not say leave us alone until after Moses first interview with pharaoh in Exo 5:21, And they said to them, “May the Lord look upon you and judge you, for you have made us odious in Pharaoh’s sight and in the sight of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to kill us.”
They had been positive toward the idea, and then when Pharaoh started to balk, and them they became afraid or cowards. And made them cowards?
A lust for security! A security they could see. They wanted the pot’s of flesh burning in front of their tents, and all the bread they could eat. They had learned nothing from their forefathers or from their past for remember the same thing happened to Esau when he sold his birthright for a mess of pottage or a bowl of beans.
What did he want? He wanted security! He didn’t want freedom. He traded his freedom for security and ended up with hardness of the heart toward the gospel whereas the Jews will end up with hardness of the heard the teaching of doctrine. They are flawed because they lack doctrine or because they had the doctrine and the suddenness of the disaster has taken their minds off of the doctrine resident in their soul.
It was the Lord Jesus Christ in the pillar of the cloud who led them to this spot, not Moses. The Lord led them to a place where they had no resources with which they could cope -except to trust in Him for the divine solution to their problem.
They couldn’t cope with this problem on their own. So they said, Is this not the word that we spoke to you in Egypt saying, leave us alone that we may be slaves to the Egyptians? For it would have been better, or in reality the plan of God is for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness. In other words, they are saying that it is God’s will for us to be slaves to the Egyptians. Note once again that in their statement, fear and panic produce irrationality. They have the doctrine but they can’t use it!
Because they are emotional and filled with fear. That’s the whole point of Eph 6:15 when it says “Let us pick up and carry the shield of faith.” You have to know how to use it and you have to have strength to do it! If you do not have spiritual strength you will not be able to have the power to handle a disastrous situation.
Now God had promised the Jews through Moses that they would worship Him in Mt Horeb; EXO 3:12.
Look at it EXO 3:12 And He said, “Certainly I will be with you, and this shall be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall worship God at this mountain.” Plus the Lord in the pillar of cloud had led them to this very spot, and therefore they were in the will of God. Therefore we have the importance of claiming the promises of God.
They had to be tested! And all they wanted was to go back to slavery, because slavery represented security. Now, God does not want you to be His slave, He wants you to have freedom. You are free to grow in grace. You are free to make Bible doctrine number one priority. However, do you realize how many times you are distracted from making doctrine number one simply because of some security concept.
Where is your security? Is it in the details of life? Is it people? Is it related to the things of this life? The Lord wants you to have freedom, and freedom comes from Bible doctrine, Joh 8:32; 2Co 3:17.
Rom 8:31-32 What shall we say then, if God be for us who shall be against us? He that spared not His own son but delivered Him up for all of us, how shall He not with Him freely give us all things?
The issue is freedom not security. Gal 5:1, Stand fast in the freedom in which Christ has made you free, and be not entangled again in the yoke of slavery.
Your soul is the battleground for the angelic conflict and your soul must have Bible doctrine resident within it. Now, it is important to note as we go on in this passage a few principles about Moses and also how Moses was a type of Christ. But before we do that lets a few principles that why Moses became a type of Christ.
1. First of all Moses became a man of doctrine before he became a man of destiny. Moses never stopped learning Bible doctrine. This falls under the principle that spiritual skills must precede production skills.
He never stopped learning Bible doctrine because his destiny demanded that as a leader, as a man of thought and action , doctrine had to be first in his life.
In Psa 103:7 notice that we read that God made known His ways unto Moses. Not to anyone else because only Moses had the maturity spiritually. Only Moses had the integrity and virtue to handle the situation. And this was based upon the foundation of humility
2. The service of Moses was actually two-fold, first under his spiritual gift of prophecy he communicated Bible doctrine verbally to the people. And secondly, in writing as illustrated by the first five books of the Bible.
3. He was the greatest leader in history as well. And the combination of Bible doctrine in his heart and the spiritual strength to put it all into action made Moses a one man pivot.
4. Moses never stopped learning Bible doctrine for his calling demanded that as a man of thought and action he must always be prepared spiritually to be the leader and the father of the first Jewish client nation to God.
In all three stages of his life Moses never stopped learning Bible doctrine. In the first 40 years of his life Moses had Bible doctrine. This was while he lived in Egypt and he revealed the dynamics of his great decision when he exercised his God given genius to become the greatest man in Egypt and then to turn his back on Egypt.
Moses had Bible doctrine in the second 40 years of his life even though he did not even use his genius when he assumed command of the flocks of his father in law of Jethro. Moses also had Bible doctrine in the third stage of his life when he utilized the grace and the power of God to communicate verbally and in writing this doctrine to all Israel.
So great was the power of Bible doctrine in his soul that even in dying grace Moses was magnificent. In Deu 34:7 it says that Although Moses was one hundred and twenty years old when he died, his eyes were not dim nor was his strength gone.
And his strength refers to; His spiritual strength; His mental genius; His physical strength; His sexual strength.
Now, as I said Moses is a type of Christ: For example;
1. Both were born at a time when Israel was under foreign domination (Moses – Egyptian bondage & Jesus – Roman bondage).
2. Both had rulers that tried to kill them shortly after their births; Moses did in Exo 1:15-22. Mat 2:16-18.
3. Both spent time in the wilderness before taking on their callings (Exo 3; Mat 4:1-11.
4. Both dealt with wicked kings (Pharaoh – Exo 5-12; Herod in Luk 13:31-32.
5. Both dealt with folks who hardened their hearts; Exo 8:15; Mar 6:45-52.
6. Both dealt with lepers; Num 12:10-25; Mat 8:1-4.
7. Both had the world offered to them; Heb 11:24-27; Mat 4:8-9.
8. Both were shepherds; Exo 3:1; Joh 10:11.
9. Both fasted for 40 days; Exo 34:28; Luk 4:2.
10. Both climbed mountains (Exo 34; Mat 5:1.