Dispensation of the Mosaic Law, The Forth Commandment: The Sabbath. Part 1.

Grace Bible Church Pastor Teacher Robert R. McLaughlin Tree of Life Weekly Review 010718 Dispensation of the Mosaic Law, The Forth  Commandment: The Sabbath. Part 1.

We have now noted the first three commandments in some detail beginning with EXO 20:3-7, “You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.”

  1. You shall have no other gods before Me.
  2. You shall make no idols.
  3. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.

Next, we have the fourth commandment: EXO 20:8,  Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

In its original setting in the Word of God, the Sabbath is the 7th day of the week or Saturday. The Jews rested every Saturday. The Sabbath was to remind the Jews of the principle of grace. It reminded them that you could do nothing for salvation, you can do nothing for spirituality, you can do nothing to gain the approbation and the blessing of God. God provides it all.

Doctrine of the Sabbath or the Doctrine of Rest.

Point 1 is an introduction, Freedom demands rest and rest demands freedom. You can never have freedom when you stop thinking. The Sabbath was a thinking day when you didn’t work physically but sat around somewhere, rested, and thought.

And there are two kinds of sabbath: The temporal sabbath is the faith-rest technique of the believer in HEB 3:11, and the moment-by-moment Sabbath of HEB 4:1‑7.

HEB 3:7-13, Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit says, “Today if you hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts as when they provoked Me,

As in the day of trial in the wilderness, where your fathers tried Me by testing Me, And saw My works for forty years.

Therefore I was angry with this generation, And said, ‘They always go astray in their heart; And they did not know My ways’;

As I swore in My wrath, ‘They shall not enter My rest.’ Take care, brethren, lest there should be in any one of you an evil, unbelieving heart, in falling away from the living God.

But encourage one another day after day, as long as it is still called “Today,” lest any one of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.

That’s the temporal sabbath or rest, HEB 3:7-13.

Then next the moment by moment sabbath, HEB 4:1-7.

HEB 4:1-7, therefore, let us fear lest, while a promise remains of entering his rest, any one of you should seem to have come short of it.

for indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. for e who have believed enter that rest, just as he has said, “ has I swore in my wrath, they shall not enter My rest,” although his works were finished from the foundation of the world.

For he has thus said somewhere concerning the seventh {day}, “and God rested on the seventh day from all his works”; and again in this {passage}, “they shall not enter my rest.”

Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly had good news preached to them failed to enter because of disobedience, he again fixes a certain day, “today,” saying through David after so long a time just as has been said before, “today if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.”


And so this moment by moment sabbath was the basis of spirituality in the Old Testament dispensations; i.e., believing, claiming, and resting on verses, principles, and doctrines.

That’s the temporal sabbath or rest, HEB 3:7-13.

Then next the moment by moment sabbath, HEB 4:1-7.

The eternal sabbath is eternal life; MAT 11:28.

MAT 11:28, “Come unto me all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest [eternal life].”

The sabbath was first mentioned way back in GEN 2.

In 6 days God took the earth, which was a mess from the rulership of Satan and He restored and converted it into a wonderful place to live.

GEN 2:1-3, Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. And by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

In 6 days He provided everything that man would need on the earth to survive and live in happiness! Food, perfect climate, a garden, He even provided a Bible class with the greatest Bible teacher of all time…the Lord God.

Notice in Gen 2:1, “Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.”

Please notice the word “completed” of “finished” because it has a tremendous relationship with the sabbath.

GEN 2:2, “and by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.”

“And He rested”

Rested – Qal imperfect of shabath, Sabbath means to rest.

So, on the 7th day or on Saturday, God finished His work, in GEN 2:2. And why did He rest on the 7th day?

Was He tired?

No, GEN 2:2 says…that He ended or finished His work. This is what we call “sabbath” or the “rest of grace”. Everything that man would ever need was provided by God. So…He rested.

Do you believe that?

Perfect environment was provided and nothing could be added to it! This is what we call grace…God does the work and man does the benefitting. And man does not earn or deserve or merit what God provides.

GEN 2:3, “then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.”

Now from GEN 2:2 to EXO 16:23, no reference is made to the sabbath. So you go at least from GEN 2:2 to EXO 16 which is approximately 1441 B.C.

 

 

You have anywhere from 3 to 4 thousand years without the mention of the sabbath.

Now, the sabbath finally became known to Israel as the day of rest. They would work for 6 days…Sunday through Friday. Then, on the 7th day, Saturday, man would rest.

It was to be a reminder to Israel that God provides everything and that you can’t work for salvation. You can’t work for divine provision, you can’t work for blessing, grace and works are antagonistic!

They always have been, they always will be. They are antagonistic toward each other…they are not compatible in any way.

As Paul said in ROM 11:6, “But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace.”

But if it be of works, than it is no longer grace otherwise work is no longer work. It’s got to be one or the other says Paul! Either grace or works! So…the sabbath was a day in Israel when man would rest to remember and commemorate the grace of God. There is nothing like stopping the routine and having a day when things completely stop. So that you can be reminded of grace. “Rest” is a memorial to the grace of God.

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